Syrian Arab Republic lies in Southwest Asia on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Bordered on the north by Turkey, Iraq to the east, from South Jordan, Israel and the West to Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea along the 183 km of the coast.
About the history of Syria:
Human habitation Syria since ancient times and left evidence raised material many indicate activity and existence structures bony human discovered so far Traha to about 100 thousand years, while some archaeological remains discovered dating back to before 150 thousand years and can be considered Syria area where domestication of wheat and the invention of pottery and metal detector, one of the most important achievements of prehistoric man. This describes Syria as historians, a summary of the history of the world.
For its coast invented the first alphabet in the world (alphabetic Ugarit) near Latakia, which became a mother for the alphabets known all, and had a noticeable impact on the dissemination of science and culture between human beings, and that they are considered one of the greatest achievements of man, where Damascus feet city still exist on the ground.
Prevail Syria from the point of the general climate for the Mediterranean region which is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers punctuated by a relatively short transitional seasons chapter.
The population of the Syrian Arab Republic about 16 million lives, including about four million of the capital Damascus. The country is divided into fourteen province Each province is divided generally into several regions and each region into several respects includes terms as well as a range of Qara village is the smallest administrative unit. In Syria, there are two main Merfon on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea are the port of Latakia and Tartous port also has a special port for the export of oil is the port of Banias.
Palmyra: away from the city of Homs distance / / 160 km from Damascus / 235 / and the lady trade between Iraq and the Mediterranean in the early days. And were inhabited since the stone ages (Albaleguelatic). Then inhabited by the Arameans and Canaanites and then subjected to Roman in the first century AD Muslim Arabs and opened by Khalid ibn al-Walid / 633 / AD
A story of heroism when challenged queen Zenobia Romans and boarded them and refused to submit to their rule, Harepetthm and occupied some of the places where they had held until Egypt. But this was the cause of the destruction of this kingdom and captured the queen.
The most important effects: Bull Temple – Temple but Shamin – Temple sons – Street columns rectum – the theater – the field – cemeteries – Fakhruddin on Castle – and the hot, sulfurous water pools
Rusafa City: located near the Syrian city of Raqqa in the Euphrates River basin and resort to the Umayyad. And it is said that the road from Baghdad to Rusafa was planted the trees green.
Apamea: Ruins City Greyhound leader (Seleucus Nicator) and away from Hama / 60 / km to the north-west and built a combination Greek style and ancient Syrian city of archaeological all Mavera and well worth a visit and distinctive tourist services .
Bosra Ancient Theatre: built by the Romans what this city was of vital importance to have, especially since two of the Roman emperors were of this city / Philip the Arab / and the theater was used for festivals and public celebrations and multi-sports and photos are included Roman protoplasm
Heer Palace east: built by the Umayyad caliph Hisham bin Abdul Malik and was used as a summer resort for the Umayyad days Equivalents for Cham. And located / / 130 km east of the city of Homs and / 30 / km west of Palmyra and faced rising / 16 / m. , Where Khan and swimming pool.